In May 2015, PEPSO, McMasters and United Way published the Precarity Penalty study http://goo.gl/nbo8Ql. This study looked at precariousness from a random sample of 4,193 people between the ages of 25 and 65 in the Toronto and surrounding areas.

The study found that only half of survey respondents reported being employed in a job that was full-time, permanent and with some benefits beyond a wage. This is yet another data point, that points to precarious employment and economic insecurity being a significant problem for over 40% of Canadians.

This document has lots of analysis of the challenges faced people that are income insecure. It can contribute to our own conversations here in Vancouver. #basicincomevancouver